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1833
SHIPWRECK COIN FROM THE WRECK OF HMS ASSOCIATION. GB WILLIAM III 1/-. Typical seawater corrosion. HMS Association was a 90-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched at Portsmouth Dockyard in 1697. She served with distinction at the capture of Gibraltar, and was lost in 1707 by grounding on the Isles of Scilly in the greatest maritime disaster of the age. Association survived the Great Storm of 1703, during which she was at anchor off Harwich. Her rigging was cut away to avoid foundering on the "Galloper" sandbar, and she was blown to Gothenburg in Sweden before she could make her way back to England. Association served as the flagship of Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell in the Mediterranean during the War of the Spanish Succession. Her engagements included the capture of Gibraltar on 21 July 1704, and the Battle of Toulon in summer 1707. In October 1707, Association, commanded by Captain Edmund Loades and with Admiral Shovell on board, was returning from the Mediterranean after the Toulon campaign. At 8pm, Association struck the Outer Gilstone Rock off the Isles of Scilly, and was wrecked with the loss of her entire crew of about 800 men. The Scilly naval disaster was one of the greatest maritime disasters in British history. Lieutenant Roy Graham of the minesweeper HMS Puttenham, on their second attempt in summer 1967, using the minesweeper and supported by the Royal Navy Auxiliary Service, finally managed to locate the remains of Association. More than 2,000 coins and other artifacts were finally recovered from the wreck site and auctioned by Sotheby's in July 1969. Grade II-.
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