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Information for Bidders


Superb = Exceptional condition for the issue
VF = "Very Fine" well centred for issue with nice perfs, and imperfs with 4 margins
F = "Fine" still an attractive stamp that may be off centred, perfs may be slightly irregular or imperfs may have less than 4 margins
MUH = MNH = "Mint Unhinged", never hinged with original gum without any gum disturbance
MLH = "Mint Lightly Hinged" with original gum that shows slight marks from previous hinging or a small unobtrusive hinge remnant
M = "Mint" with original gum, that has significant marks from 1 or more hinges, or the actual hinge remains present
UN = "Unused" without gum
Superb VFU = Exceptional used condition for the issue
VFU = "Very Fine Used" with either a clear neat cancel or a neat corner cds, well centred for issue with nice perfs, and 4 margins on imperfs
FU = "Fine Used" still an attractive stamp with a fairly neat average cancel for issue, may be somewhat off centred, perfs may be slightly irregular or imperfs may have less than 4 margins.
GU = "Good Used" an average used stamp that may have a heavy or smudged cancel or minor blemishes from postal use
CTO = "Cancelled To Order"
note: VFU or FU stamps may in fact be CTO.

In all cases for single lots the presence of any faults/imperfections will be mentioned.


- Any such lots may contain some material with faults, which is taken into account when setting the reserves & estimates on such lots.

- Description of condition of such lots is on the basis of what is the prevailing condition of the material ie: "Mostly F-VF" means some faulty items as well.

- As is the rule with all public auctions; collections, accumulations & mixed lots are not returnable.

- We encourage bidders to view such larger lots before auction, have somebody view for them, or ask us for extra information.

- We are always happy to answer any queries about specific stamps that are in a particular lot & their condition and/or provide photocopies or scans of key items.

- Also, we are happy for bidders to phone us during the viewing times (but not on auction day!) and ask for expanded description of any lots. One of our describers will then take out the lots and go through it with you on the phone answering any questions about contents, condition etc.


Postally used covers/cards can be expected to show some wear consistent with their age and travel through the mails such as light filing folds, backflap or edge faults from opening, slight reductions etc . Unless severe these will not be mentioned, and are not grounds for returns.

Weitere Informationen über Auktionlose können auf Deutsch zur Verfügung gestellt werden.


AAMC - Australian Airmail Catalogue
ACSC - Aust. Comm. Specialist Catalogue
ASC - Australian Stamp Catalogue
blk - block
Bft - Barefoot revenues catalogue
bklt - booklet
b/s - backstamp(ed)
BOB - Back of Book issues
ca - circa
cds - circular date stamp
cnr - corner
comp - complete
Defs - definitives
dup(s) - duplicate(s)
d/s - datestamp
Ed - Edifil catalogue
Exp(ertised) - signed or h/s by expert
Fa - Facit catalogue
Fe - Ferchenbauer catalogue
FDI - first day of issue
FDC - first day cover
FFC - first flight cover
FV - face value
F/C - fiscally cancelled
h/s - handstamp(ed)
H & G - Higgins & Gage catalogue
imp - imprint
inc - includes
LL - lower left
LR - lower right
marg - margin(al)
Mi - Michel catalogue
M/S - Miniature or Souvenir Sheet
m/s - manuscript
opt - overprint
o/w - otherwise
o/c - off centre
photo-cert - certificate of authenticity
Pics - Pictorials
pmk - postmark
PPC - picture postcard
pr(s) - pair, pairs
PSE - pre-stamped envelope
PTPO - Printed To Private Order
reg - registered/registration
roul - rouletted
Sass - Sassone catalogue
Sc - Scott catalogue
SG - Stanley Gibbons catalogue
s/b - stockbook
sl - slight
s/l - straight line
S/S - Souvenir Sheetlet
SOTN - "Socked on the Nose" cancel
STC - stated to catalogue / contain
         (by vendor & unchecked)
sold "as is" - neither identification nor authenticity is guaranteed
TL - top left
TR - top right
(var) - variety
Vl - Vlastos catalogue
w/c - well centred
w/o - without
wmk - watermark
val(s) - value(s)
VGC - Very good condition (books)
Yv - Yvert catalogue
(P) -photograph
(5) - no of items